Kampala Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM)
In 2012, Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) took steps to improve the solid waste management (SWM) services in the city through engagement of the private sector and the possible commercial utilization of refuse products and landfill gas through a Public Private Partnership (PPP) project. The overall objectives for KCCA are to improve the efficiency of SWM collection and management in Kampala, reduce the fiscal burden of building new infrastructure, and institute a transaction structure that assures sustainability of the PPP project. The International Finance Corporation (IFC) was hired to provide the Transaction Advisory Services.
The feasibility study by IFC established the following issues:
- Private operators were providing door-to-door collection in more affluent communities (one third of waste collected) and charge the households and businesses directly for this service (typically 20,000-30,000 UGX per month for weekly collection);
- There was no exclusivity for operators in designated collection zones and several operators had customers on the same street resulting in inefficient operations and illegal dumping of waste in communities;
- All collected waste is disposed at Kiteezi, which is almost filled up. Apart from the imminent lack of capacity and operational and environmental issues, Kiteezi (which opened in 1993) was not designed in accordance with international best practice.
The ISWM project is being implemented in two phases. Phase 1 of the project has involved streamlining collection and transportation of municipal solid waste and Phase 2 shall involve procuring a private company for treatment and final disposal of the municipal solid waste.