Kampala Faecal Sludge Management (KFSM) Project

Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) with support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is currently working on a project seeking to improve Feacal Sludge Management in the vulnerable urban poor areas of Kampala city through an efficient and affordable private sector led service delivery model. The three year project is worth 2M USD and.....read more about KFSM

Project Activities to date

Sanitation Mapping /Home Sanitation Visits

KCCA is carrying out home sanitation visits from January 2017 to June 2017 in order to assess household sanitation in the City. The assessment will guide investment in sanitation at a City wide scale. KCCA has committed to increasing access to improved sanitation in the City and has invested in key sanitation improvement areas including but not limited to;

  1. Solid waste collection, transport, safe disposal and treatment.
  2. Construction of toilets in public primary schools, communities and health centres.
  3. Hygiene promotion and enforcement.
  4. Refurbishment, operation and maintenance of free public toilets for the high transient population, especially within the central business district (CBD)

Despite significant investments in sanitation by KCCA, over 90% of the households use pit latrines of inadequate standards. Approximately 1.8% are estimated to have no access to a toilet at all. In addition, almost 45% of the pit latrines are abandoned after 5 years when they are either full or broken-down due to poor infrastructure, and inadequate operation and maintenance.

Pit emptying services are unregulated, inadequate and largely unknown or unaffordable by the urban poor in informal settlements. Consequently, it is estimated that only 40% of the pit latrine waste (Feacal sludge) is safely collected, transported, disposed and treated.

In a bid to address these sanitation challenges, the Directorate of Public Health and Environment will carry out Citywide Home Sanitation visits with the objectives to;

  •  Assess health-related environmental and sanitation conditions at the individual, family and community levels
  • Utilize this information to target and guide investment planning, resource allocation, monitoring and regulation of service delivery and enforcement of standards.


The approach that has been taken for these home sanitation visits is as follows;

  • Engage with local leaders at all levels
  • Sensitize communities 
  • Door to door home sanitation visits

How to identify an official home sanitation visitor

Proper and adequate identification from KCCA with;

  • A KCCA identification tag bearing a photograph, full names, Identification number, KCCA logo and toll free line (0800990000) for verification
  • Reflector jacket labelled with a KCCA logo
  • A smart phone for online recording of sanitation information


The following outcomes are envisaged;

  • Improved household health, hygiene and environmental sanitation
  • Reduction in environmental pollution and sanitation related diseases
  • Increased business and entrepreneurship for household sanitation services


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