Kampala Tree and Palm Directory

Tree Species
Common Name
Tree Description
Tree Uses

English: Country Fig, Cluster Fig, Gular fig, Cluster Tree.

+ Tree Species

Ficus racemosa

+ Tree Family


+ Ecology

F. racemosa is native to Australia, Malesia, Indo-China and the Indian subcontinent. It is not epiphytic but is found in moist localities, along the banks of streams, sides of ravines and also on rocky slopes, sometimes almost gregariously. Country Fig grows in dry rain forest, beach forest and gallery forest sometimes in areas which are otherwise quite dry and not conducive to rain forest development.

+ Description

A deciduous tree, to 30 m high; bole buttressed.

BARK: 8-10 mm thick, surface reddish-brown or yellowish-brown smooth, coarsely flaky, fibrous; blaze creamy pink; latex milky; young shoots and twigs finely white hairy, soon glabrous; branchlets 1.5-3 mm thick, puberulous.

LEAVES: simple, alternate, stipules 12-18 mm long, lanceolate, linear-lanceolate, pubescent, often persistent on young shoots; petiole 10-50 mm long, slender, grooved above, becoming brown scurfy.

FLOWERS: male, female and gall flowers enclosed in globose figs, cauliflorus; greenish-white when young, ripened ones purplish-red. Flowering throughout the year.

FRUITS: Syconium 2.5 x 2 cm, orange, pink or dark crimson; achene granulate.

+ Uses

Edible: fruit, leaves, roots. http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php id=ficus+racemosa

Medicine: leaves, bark, fruit, roots. http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php id=ficus+racemosa

Agroforestry: provides shade for coffee trees, used for slope, gully and river bank stabilization because it produces a deep and wide-spreading root system, and leaves provide valuable mulch.

Used as a rootstock for the common fig, Ficus carica.

The latex is used in the production of water-resistant paper and as plasticizer for Hevea rubber.

The wood is used for low-quality purposes and items such as minor construction, cheap furniture, packing cases, mouldings, laundry tubs, fruit crates etc.

The wood is used as a fuel.

+ Propagation

Seeds, air layering, tip cuttings.

+ Management

+ Remarks

Cluster fig is resistant to fire.

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