Kampala Tree and Palm Directory

Tree Species
Common Name
Tree Description
Tree Uses

English: Orange Jasmine, Chines Box.

+ Tree Species

Murraya exotica

+ Tree Family


+ Ecology

Native to India. Murraya exotica is attractive to bees, butterflies and birds. It is found in thickets, montane forests; at elevations from near sea level to 1,300 metres. In Kampala, this tree can be found in Upper Mawanda village among other placess.

+ Description

Orange jasmine is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a fine-textured, compact crown. It grows from 1.8 - 12 metres tall with a clear bole that can be 2.5 metres long and 60cm in diamete. 

BARK: Multi-stemmed, but can be trained to also grow with a short, single stem.

LEAVES: Paired leaves, glossy, aromatic foliage, alternate, pinnate and about 2 - 3 cm long.

FLOWERS: Small, white bell shaped flowers. Fragrant blooms are borne in clusters, containing up to eight flowers, at the tips of branches.

FRUIT: plum-sized red berries, oval, fleshy.

+ Uses

An ornamental plant. 

Medicine: leaves, flowers, fruits and barks. https://florafaunaweb.nparks.gov.sg/Special-Pages/plant-detail.aspx id=2239

Edible: flowers are used for scenting tea, leaves are used to flavour curries, fruit.

Agroforestry: grown as a living fence to protect vegetable gardens, can be used as a small hedge.

An essential oil is obtained from the flowers. It is used in perfumery and in the production of cosmetics.

The wood and the roots are ground into a sweet-scented powder, known as 'Thanaka Powder', that is used as a cosmetic on the cheeks of women.

The wood, even from smaller trees, is used locally to make tool handles, walking sticks, furniture or used for turning.


+ Propagation

Seeds, semi-hardwood cuttings.

+ Management

Slow growing. Pruning, trimming.

+ Remarks

Murraya paniculata is a synonym of Murraya exotica. The Orange jasmine also makes a lovely container plant and grows happily in a sunny position on the patio.

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