Kampala Tree and Palm Directory

Tree Species
Common Name
Tree Description
Tree Uses

English: Peacock flower, Smooth-bark flat crown Lugishu: Chiruku, kirongo, kisubi Rukiga: MushebeyaRukonjo: Mushebera, musebereRunyankore: Mulera, mushebeya Rutoro: Mulongo Sebei: Swessu

+ Tree Species

Albizia gummifera

+ Tree Family


+ Ecology

Peacock flower is indigenous to Uganda. It’s mainly found in East Africa, but also in Ethiopia, Zaire, Madagascar, and West Africa. It is common in lowland and upland rain-forest, riverine forest, and in open habitats near forests. In Uganda, it is mainly a mixed forest species, occasionally found as a pioneer species and in thickets, 1,000-2,300 m. In Kampala, this tree can be found at Uganda Golf course club, Kitante courts, Makerere university among other places.

+ Description

A large deciduous tree, branches ascending to a flat top, about 15 m high, trunk up to 75 cm in diameter.

BARK: grey and smooth.

LEAVES: bi-pinnate with 5-7 pairs pinnae, the leaflets roughly the same size, 1.0-2.5 cm long, shiny, dark green, almost rectangular, midrib diagonal, one outer corner rounded, the inner corner with a tiny extra growth (auriculate).

FLOWERS: white-pink clusters, long stamens hang out.

FRUIT: very many pods in bundles, shiny brown, flat with raised edges.

+ Uses

Agroforestry: used in erosion control, fixes Nitrogen, useful shade provider in homes and pastureland, provides bee forage (apiculture), branches can be used for fencing, leaves quicken the ripening process in bananas, valued as a shade tree for crops like coffee, vanilla and tea plantations, for soil conservation and improvement.

The tree provides good fuel wood and charcoal.

Provides timber which is used for light construction, furniture, cabinet work and various implements. It is also suitable for mine props, light flooring, joinery, interior trim, paneling, framing, toys and novelties, sporting goods, boxes, crates, carvings, peeled and sliced veneer, plywood, hardboard and particle board.

The wood pulp is suitable for paper production.

Edible: the bark yields gum or resin which is sometimes used in confectionery.

The bark yields tannin or dyestuff.

Medicine: bark, pods, roots, root bark and leaves. http://www.worldagroforestry.org/treedb/AFTPDFS/Albizia_gummifera.PDF, http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php id=Albizia+gummifera,

https://www.prota4u.org/database/protav8.asp g=pe&p=Albizia+gummifera+(J.F.Gmel.)+C.A.Sm.

An ornamental tree.

+ Propagation

Seeds, wildings.

+ Management

Fairly fast growing. Lopping, coppicing while young.

+ Remarks

Seeds should be collected while still on the tree to minimize insect damage. The leaves quicken the ripening process in bananas. Despite its name, the tree gives only a small amount of gum if the bark is cut.

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